Two papers accepted in ICML 2020
Forecasting sequential data using consistent Koopman autoencoders ( preprint)
- Abstract: Recurrent neural networks are widely used on time series data, yet such models often ignore the underlying physical structures in such sequences. A new class of physics-based methods related to Koopman theory has been introduced, offering an alternative for processing nonlinear dynamical systems. In this work, we propose a novel Consistent Koopman Autoencoder model which, unlike the majority of existing work, leverages the forward and backward dynamics. Key to our approach is a new analysis which explores the interplay between consistent dynamics and their associated Koopman operators. Our network is directly related to the derived analysis, and its computational requirements are comparable to other baselines. We evaluate our method on a wide range of high-dimensional and short-term dependent problems, and it achieves accurate estimates for significant prediction horizons, while also being robust to noise.
Error Estimation for Sketched SVD via the Bootstrap ( preprint)
- Abstract: In order to compute fast approximations to the singular value decompositions (SVD) of very large matrices, randomized sketching algorithms have become a leading approach. However, a key practical difficulty of sketching an SVD is that the user does not know how far the sketched singular vectors/values are from the exact ones. Indeed, the user may be forced to rely on analytical worst-case error bounds, which do not account for the unique structure of a given problem. As a result, the lack of tools for error estimation often leads to much more computation than is really necessary. To overcome these challenges, this paper develops a fully data-driven bootstrap method that numerically estimates the actual error of sketched singular vectors/values. In particular, this allows the user to inspect the quality of a rough initial sketched SVD, and then adaptively predict how much extra work is needed to reach a given error tolerance. Furthermore, the method is computationally inexpensive, because it operates only on sketched objects, and it requires no passes over the full matrix being factored. Lastly, the method is supported by theoretical guarantees and a very encouraging set of experimental results.